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Month: January 2016

Sovereignty in the millennial world-system

At least since 1945 major powers have mutually acquiesced in each others’ settling of the internal affairs of their respective client states, and since 1991 the United States has exercised a near-global authority to settle the internal affairs of nearly all nominally sovereign states. This post-Westphalian system closely resembles the imperial Chinese system of tianxia: “all under heaven.” The emerging liberal, universal, homogeneous state is not the United States per se, but the American tianxia writ large to cover the entire world.

Sydney-based globalization expert Salvatore Babones is available to speak on the Chinese economy (demographics, growth, technology), the Belt & Road Initiative, global trade networks, and Australia-China relations. Contact: